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Thursday, August 3 • 12:40 - 13:00
InFusion: advancing discovery of fusions genes and chimeric transcripts from RNA-sequencing data

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Functional fusion genes and chimeric transcripts have been shown to occur in cancers due to genomic rearrangements as well as in non-cancerous cells due to trans-splicing or transcriptome machinery failure. Careful deactivation of fusions can stop further arrangement and growth of cancer. Therefore correct and detailed detection of fusions is important in scientific research and in precision medicine as well. RNA sequencing appeared to be an effective method for discovery of fusions. We have designed and implemented a novel toolkit called InFusion for chimeric transcript discovery from RNA-seq data. In comparison to other existing methods, our approach introduces several unique features such as discovery of fusions involving intergenic regions and detection of anti-sense chimeras based on the strand-specificity of the sequencing library. Additionally, the toolkit includes several advanced post-analysis steps such as comparison of results among well-known exiting tools and design of sequences for further experimental validation. Using simulated and public data we demonstrated that InFusion has superior detection sensitivity and high specificity compared to other existing methods. Additionally the toolkit was able to discover a wider spectrum of fusion events that can occur in the transcriptome. To further confirm this we also performed deep RNA sequencing of two prostate cancer cell lines. From this experimental data analysis we discovered in-silico and verified in-vitro 26 novel fusion events, including alternatively spliced fusion isoforms and chimeric RNAs involving non-exonic regions. Moreover, we confirmed four fusions that involve intergenic regions. To our knowledge, discovery of such events has not been addressed previously, despite their potential to encode functional proteins or regulate gene transcription. The detailed landscape of the chimeric RNAs, mechanisms underlying their genesis and their functional roles are yet to be studied. InFusion may prove to be a useful tool for detecting the whole scope of possible events. The manuscript describing the method is published in PLOS One and the open-source software toolkit is available for download at: http://bitbucket.org/kokonech/infusion

Thursday August 3, 2017 12:40 - 13:00
Graduate School of Management Building, room 309 Volkhovskiy Pereulok, 3, St. Petersburg, Russia

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